The two main ways of detecting beacons are smartphone apps and gateways. If you need a more custom or self-contained solution it’s possible to use single board computers such as the Raspberry Pi or smaller embedded computer boards such as ESP32. ESP32 boards have WiFi and Bluetooth LE and can be programmed using the relatively simple Arduino platform.
ESP32 boards such as the WiFi Kit 32 provide an easy and inexpensive way to process Bluetooth LE signals for local processing or sending to other systems via an Internet connection. Some such as WiFi Lora 32 (V2) also have LoRa wireless that allows relaying information up to 15Km.