There’s new research on A Low-Cost IoT-Based System to Monitor the Location of a Whole Herd with testbeds in Andalusia, Spain.
The authors have devised a hybrid system to reduce the cost compared to fitting every animal with a GPS LPWAN (Sigfox) tracker. While some GPS LPWAN (Sigfox) trackers are used, Bluetooth beacon collars are also used to lower the overall cost.
We believe an increasing number of tracking and sensing systems will use hybrid technologies.
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